United States Constitution Outline - Wikiversity

 

outline of the constitution of the united states

OUTLINE: Constitution of the United States Preamble: “We the people of the United States.” Article 1 – LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT Section 1. Congress in General All power to make laws is given to Congress (House of Representatives and Senate). Physiographic divisions of the United States. The geography of the United States varies across their immense area. Within the contential U.S., eight distinct physiographic divisions exist, though each is composed of several smaller physiographic subdivisions. These major divisions are:Administrative (political): Units, U.S. state, District of . United States Constitution. Before we had a constitution in this country, we had the Articles of Confederation. They established a system of government where each state had more power than the central government. What the states did to support the central government was voluntary.


Summary of the Constitution


Before we had a constitution in this country, we had the Articles of Confederation. They established a system of government where each state had more power than the central government. What the states did to support the central government was voluntary.

Two big parts of article 1 1. The power to regulate interstate commerce 2. Congress can do anything necessary and proper to carry out its powers. Power to regulate interstate commerce among the states is used by Congress and the courts to expand significantly the power of the federal government. This clause was originally intended to regulate trade between the states and over the years, it has been interpreted to mean that Congress can pass laws affecting interstate commerce.

If goods go from one state to another, it can be regulated by the federal government. For Example, the Supreme Court said if a person grows vegetables in their garden and eats them then the vegetable can still be regulated by Congress.

Therefore, less is purchased from the farmers, and this affects interstate commerce and gives the Supreme Court jurisdiction over such cases. No expose facto laws- The government can't make an act a crime after the act was committed. Nor can they increase the punishment for a crime after the act was committed. The chief executive has the job to carry out the laws that Congress has passed, outline of the constitution of the united states.

The president can appoint ambassadors to foreign countries and appoint federal Judges even the Supreme Court. As commander in chief - this means that he is the leader of the military and can send troops all over the world, he can do this without Congress formally declaring war. Because the Constitution establishes the article, neither Congress nor the president can distort it. Once a bill becomes law the courts have the power to interpret the words, or strike the law down.

States have the authority to provide for the health, safety and welfare of all of their citizens, the reason most criminal and domestic laws are State laws. Divorce in NY and you moved to North Carolina. North Carolina must recognize the divorce. A Civil money judgment in one state you can send that decision to the state court of the state where the defendant is living and they are supposed to help you collect the judgment, outline of the constitution of the united states.

Extradition applies only in felony criminal cases. It is the process by which a fleeing felon is returned to the state from which he fled, in a felony crime, outline of the constitution of the united states, the outline of the constitution of the united states is over two years.

The governor of one state must request the return of the felon from the other state Between governors the governor of the asylum state where he fled to has the choice to send the person back or not. The words in the constitution are so vague the courts can reinterpret what they mean to change with the times. Judicial review - power of the court to judge a law by the requirements of the Constitution It is so hard to get thru the process.

The amendment got through the proposal stage and was then sent to the state legislatures for them to vote on it. Rather than formally amending the Constitution it has been changed over the years by how the words in it are interpreted.

The Reason they are called the bill of rights is that they protected the individual from the power of the government.

We needed something affirmative. This amendment is the basis of a democratic society and grants the right to believe anything you want to religiously. It allows a right to express your beliefs. As far as exercising the right to religion it can't be limited unless it threatens the safety of others.

Who with a cool head can decide is there proof that more likely then not evidence of a particular crime is in a given place. Bail is designed only to ensure that a person will show up for trial. It can not be more than is reasonably necessary to ensure the person will appear for trial. When the 1st ten amendments were added to the constitution, they only protected the individual against the power of the federal government.

The reason for this was that the people were more afraid of the federal government and not the state. As the years passed, it became apparent that the states were worse than the federal outline of the constitution of the united states in not protecting people's rights. Used to make some of the rights in the bill of rights apply to the states. After the 13th, 14th, and 15th were passed people lost interest in protecting the citizens, outline of the constitution of the united states.

It was in this period that we had the rise of big business, outline of the constitution of the united states. The theory was that outline of the constitution of the united states government should keep its hands off business.

United States Constitution Before we had a constitution in this country, we had the Articles of Confederation. The Constitution replaced the Articles of Confederation and established a much more powerful central government that could make the states does certain things, for example, to Raise and support armies.

The Constitution did leave the States some power such as the power to provide for the health, safety and welfare of its citizens which is the main reason that most criminal laws are state laws. It is also the reason most domestic and criminal laws are state laws, and why each state has its educational system. When the constitution was established, there was still a fear of a strong central government because of what had happened with England.

The United States Constitution is the oldest working constitution in the world. One of the reasons why it still works is that the words in it are not specific which lets it be reinterpreted by the courts to change with the times. Then the Supreme Court reinterpreted what the words said. When it held that if a person that has been charged with a crime and is too poor to afford a Lawyer the government will provide one for him.

Although the writers of the constitution realized that they had to limit the power of the central government they thought the best way to do this was to divide the power into different pots. Another way they limited power was to provide ways that one group could check up on another.

This whole concept is called checks and balances. Congress holds the pocket book to provide the financial support for these troops. The House of Representatives decides whether to charge formally a government official and the Senate holds the trial. If the official is convicted, he is removed from office. Congress can do anything necessary and proper to carry out its powers Requirements to run for the senate and house of reps Senate: Shall choose other officers Must be at least 30 yrs old Must have nine yrs of citizenship in the USA Must be a resident of the state they are running in Two from each state make up Congress members in Congress House of Representatives Enacts laws members this is based on population Prints money Build post offices Bankruptcy Tax and pay taxes Interstate- between states Intrastate- within a outline of the constitution of the united states Power to regulate interstate commerce among the states is used by Congress and the courts to expand significantly the power of the federal government.

Power to regulate interstate commerce. The necessary and proper clause used more than any other clause to expand the power of government. Once the US Supreme Court has decided that the law meets the requirements of the Constitution the only thing left to do is would be to amend the constitution and the constitution has only been amended 28 times in years.

Prisoners who are convicted of crimes can file motions for writs of habeas corpus very frequently asking the court to order the custodian of the prison to bring him into court and show the Judge that outline of the constitution of the united states confinement is lawful.

The writ of habeas corpus is considered to be one of the foundations of our democracy. The only time the writ can be suspended is in a time of war by Congress. They then passed a law that all people with Japanese ancestors, could be confined in camps, even if the individual was born in the USA.

They were given a certain amount of days to get their affairs in order and then sent off to the camps instill the end of the war.

They were placed into camps because of the fear that they would be more loyal to Japan and become spies. The last known time of this occurrence was right after Nixon resigned. For proposal of an Amendment to pass it must have a majority vote by both houses. A search warrant must specifically describe the place to be searched and the items to be seized. A person can't be forced our government to give information against himself that would lead to his being charged with or convicted of a crime.

This rule applies to what the individual knows in his head. Such as where the dead body is, were stolen merchandise. Provides that a person has a right to an attorney when charged with a crime that will, in fact, result in incarceration if he is convicted.

Also provides that a person accused of an criminal offence has the right to confront witnesses against him. So after the civil war, the following amendments were added the 13th, 14th, 15th. Namespaces Resource Discuss. Views Read Edit View history. In other languages Add links. This page was last edited on 21 Octoberat By using this site, outline of the constitution of the united states, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

 

Outline of the United States - Wikipedia

 

outline of the constitution of the united states

 

United States Constitution. Before we had a constitution in this country, we had the Articles of Confederation. They established a system of government where each state had more power than the central government. What the states did to support the central government was voluntary. Article 6 concerns the United States itself. First, it guarantees that the United States under the Constitution would assume all debts and contracts entered into by the United States under the Articles of Confederation. It sets the Constitution and all laws and treaties of the United States to be the supreme law of the country. Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:—“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”.