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language in literature definition

A literary language is the form of a language used in its literary can be either a non-standard dialect or standardized variety of the language. It can sometimes differ noticeably from the various spoken lects, but difference between literary and non-literary forms is greater in some languages than in others. Where there is a strong divergence between a written form and the spoken. Literature, a body of written works. The name has traditionally been applied to those imaginative works of poetry and prose distinguished by the intentions of their authors and the perceived aesthetic excellence of their execution. It may be classified according to a variety of systems, including language and genre. Language definition is - the words, their pronunciation, and the methods of combining them used and understood by a community. How to use language in a sentence. the words, their pronunciation, and the methods of combining them used and understood by a community See the full definition.

Language | Definition of Language by Merriam-Webster

A literary language is the form of a language used in its literary writing, language in literature definition. It can be either a non-standard dialect or standardized variety of language in literature definition language. It can sometimes differ noticeably from the various spoken lects, but difference between literary and non-literary forms is greater in some languages than in others, language in literature definition.

Where there is a strong divergence between a written form and the spoken vernacularthe language is said to exhibit diglossia. The understanding of the term differs from one linguistic language in literature definition to another, and is dependent on the terminological conventions adopted.

A related concept is liturgical writingwhich is the language or form of language used in the liturgy of some religions. For much of its history, language in literature definition, there has been a distinction in the English language between an elevated literary language and a colloquial idiom.

Modern English no longer has quite the same distinction between literary and colloquial registers. English has been used as a literary language in countries that were formerly part of the British Empirefor instance in India up to the present day, [10] Malaysia in the early 20th century [11] and Nigeriawhere English remains the official language.

Modern Standard Arabic is the contemporary literary and standard register of Classical Arabic used in writing across all Arabic -speaking countries and any governing body with Arabic as an official language. Many western scholars distinguish two varieties: the Classical Arabic of the Qur'an and early Islamic 7th to 9th centuries literature ; and Modern Standard Arabic MSAthe standard language in use today.

The modern standard language is closely based on the Classical language, language in literature definition most Arabs consider the two varieties to be two registers of the same language. Literary Arabic or classical Arabic is the official language of all Arab countries and is the only form of Arabic taught in schools at all language in literature definition [ clarification needed ] [ citation needed ].

The sociolinguistic situation of Arabic in modern times provides a prime example of the linguistic phenomenon of language in literature definition —the use of two distinct varieties of the same language, usually in different social contexts.

Educated Arabic speakers are usually able to communicate in MSA in formal situations. This diglossic situation facilitates code-switching in which a speaker switches back and forth between the two varieties of the language, sometimes even within the same sentence.

In instances in which highly educated Arabic-speakers of different nationalities engage in conversation but find their dialects mutually unintelligible e. The Armenian language was a diglossic language for much of its history, with Classical Armenian serving as the "high" literary standard and liturgical language, and the Western Armenian and Eastern Armenian dialects serving as the vernacular language of the Armenian people. Western Armenian and Eastern Armenian were eventually standardized into their own literary forms.

Grammatically, the two forms are identical, and differing forms, such as verb conjugations, are easily converted from one form to another, language in literature definition. However, the vocabulary is quite different from one form to the other and must be learned separately. The national anthem of India was originally written in the shadhubhasha form of Bengali, language in literature definition. Literary Chinese continually diverged from Classical Chinese as the dialects of China became more disparate and as the Classical written language became less representative of the spoken language.

At the same time, Literary Chinese was based largely upon the Classical language, and writers frequently borrowed Classical language into their literary writings. Literary Chinese therefore shows a great deal of similarity to Classical Chinese, even though the similarity decreased over the centuries.

Starting from early 20th century, written vernacular Chinese have become a standard for Chinese writing which is mostly aligned with a standardized form of Mandarin Chinese, which however mean there are divergence between written vernacular Chinese against other Chinese variants like CantoneseShanghaineseHokkien and Sichuanese. Some of these variants have their own literary form but none of them are being used in formal register.

The Finnish language has a literary variant, literary Finnish, and a spoken variant, spoken Finnish. Both are considered a form of non-dialectal standard language, and are used throughout the country. Literary Finnish is a consciously created fusion of dialects for use as a literary language, which is rarely spoken at all, being confined to writing and official speeches.

The Georgian language has a literary liturgical form, the Old Georgian languagewhile the vernacular spoken varieties are the Georgian dialects and other related Kartvelian languages like Svan languageMingrelian languageand Laz language. Generally there is a continuum between more dialectical varieties to more standard varieties in German, language in literature definition, while colloquial German nonetheless tends to increase analytic elements at the expense of synthetic elements.

From the early nineteenth century until the midth century, Katharevousaa form of Greekwas used for literary purposes. This created a diglossic situation until in Dhimotiki was made the official language. During the revival of the Hebrew languagespoken and literary Hebrew were revived separately, causing a dispersion between the two. The dispersion started to narrow sometime after the two movements merged, but substantial differences between the two still exist.

When Italy was unifiedinItalian existed mainly as a literary language. Different languages were spoken throughout the Italian Peninsula, many of which were Romance languages which had developed in every region, due to the political fragmentation of Italy.

Now, it is the standard language of Italy. It still has relevance for historians, literary scholars, and lawyers many Japanese laws that survived World War II are still written in bungoalthough there are ongoing efforts to modernize their language.

Bungo grammar and vocabulary are occasionally used in modern Japanese for effect, and fixed form poetries like Haiku and Tanka are still mainly written in this form. In the Meiji periodsome authors started to use the colloquial form of the language in their literature. Following the government policy after the World War IIthe standard form of contemporary Japanese language is used for most literature published since the s.

The standard language is based on the colloquial language in Tokyo area, and its literary stylistics in polite form differs little from its formal speech. In the Javanese languagealphabet characters derived from the alphabets used to write Sanskritno longer in ordinary use, are used in literary language in literature definition as a mark of respect. Kannada exhibits a strong diglossialike Tamilalso characterised by three styles: a classical literary style modelled on the ancient language, a modern literary and formal style, and a modern colloquial form.

These styles shade into each other, forming a diglossic continuum. The formal style is generally used in formal writing and speech. It is, for example, language in literature definition, the language of textbooks, of much of Kannada literature and of public speaking and debate. Novels, even popular ones, will use the literary style for all description and narration and use the colloquial form only for dialogue, if they use it at all. In recent times, however, the modern colloquial form has been making inroads into areas that have traditionally been considered language in literature definition province of the modern literary style: for instance most cinematheatre and popular entertainment on television and radio, language in literature definition.

Classical Latin was the literary register used in writing from 75 BC to the 3rd century AD, while Vulgar Latin was the common, spoken variety used across the Roman Empire. The Latin brought by Roman soldiers to GaulIberiaor Dacia was not identical to the Latin of Cicerolanguage in literature definition, and differed from it in vocabulary, syntax, and grammar. The works of Plautus and Terencebeing comedies with many characters who were slavespreserve some early basilectal Latin features, as does the recorded speech of the freedmen in the Cena Trimalchionis by Petronius Arbiter.

At the Third Council of Tours inpriests were ordered to preach in the vernacular language—either in the rustica lingua romanica Vulgar Latinor in the Germanic vernaculars —since the common people could no longer understand formal Latin. The Malay language exists in a classical variety, a modern standard variety and several vernacular dialects. Literary Maltese, unlike Standard Maltese, language in literature definition, features a preponderance of Semitic vocabulary and grammatical patterns; however, this traditional separation between Semitic and Romance influences in Maltese literature especially Maltese poetry [13] and Catholic liturgy on the island is changing.

Standard Manchu was based language in literature definition the language spoken by the Jianzhou Jurchens during Nurhaci's time, while other unwritten Manchu dialects such as that of Aigun and Sanjiazi were also spoken in addition to the related Xibe language. The Classical Mongolian language was the high register used for religious and official purposes, while the various Mongolian dialects served as the low register, like Khalkha MongolianChakhar MongolianKhorchin MongolianKharchin MongolianBaarin MongolianOrdos Mongolian and the Buryat language.

The Tibetan Buddhist canon was translated into Classical Mongolian. The Oirat Mongols who spoke the Oirat Mongol language and dialects like Kalmyk language or Torgut Oirat used a separate standard written with the Clear script. The Mongolian languagebased on Khalkha Mongolian, now serves as the high register in Mongolia itself while in Inner Mongolia a standard Mongolian based on Chakhar Mongolian serves as the high register for all Mongols in China.

The Buryat language in literature definition, which is seen by some as part of the Mongolian language, has been turned into a standard literary form itself in Russia.

N'Ko is a literary language devised by Solomana Kante in as a writing system for the Mande languages of West Africa. It blends the principal elements of the partially mutually intelligible [14] Manding languages, language in literature definition.

The movement promoting N'Ko literacy was instrumental in shaping the Maninka cultural identity in Guinea, and has also strengthened the Mande identity in other parts of West Africa, language in literature definition. The language written today remains essentially the same as that used by Ferdowsi despite variant colloquial dialects and forms. For many centuries, language in literature definition, people belonging to the educated classes from the Bosphorus to the Bay of Bengal would be expected to know some Persian, language in literature definition.

It was once the language of culture especially of poetryfrom the Balkans to the Deccanfunctioning as a lingua franca.

Slavonic-Serbian slavenosrpski was the literary language of Serbs in the Habsburg Monarchy used from the midth century to Tagalog was the basis of the Filipino language ; both share the same vocabulary and grammatical system and are mutually intelligible, language in literature definition. However, there is a significant political and social history that underlies the reasons for differentiating between Tagalog and Filipino.

Modern Tagalog is derived from Archaic Tagalogwhich was likely spoken during the Classical periodit was the language of the Mai StateTondo Dynasty according to the Laguna Copperplate Inscription and southern Luzon. It was written using Baybayina syllabary which is a member of the Brahmic family, before the Spanish Romanised the alphabet beginning in the late 15th century. Tagalog was also the language in literature definition language of the Philippine Revolution.

The language is taught in schools throughout the country and is the official language of education and business. Native Tagalog-speakers meanwhile comprise one of the largest linguistic and cultural groups of the Philippines, numbering an estimated 14 million.

Tamil exhibits a strong diglossiacharacterised by three styles: a classical literary style modelled on the ancient language, a modern literary and formal style and a modern colloquial form. The modern literary style is generally used in formal writing and speech. It is, for example, language in literature definition, the language of textbooks, of much of Tamil literature and of public speaking and debate.

Classical Tibetan was used for official and language in literature definition purposes, language in literature definition, such as in Tibetan Buddhist religious texts like the Tibetan Buddhist canon and taught and learned in monasteries and schools in Tibetan Buddhist regions. Now, Standard Tibetanbased on the Lhasa dialect, serves as the high register in China.

In Bhutan, the Tibetan Dzongkha language has been standardised and replaced Classical Tibetan for official purposes and education, in Ladakhthe standard official language learned language in literature definition now the unrelated languages Hindi-Urdu and English, and in Baltistanthe Tibetan Balti language serves as the low register while the unrelated Urdu language is the official language.

The Turkic Chagatai language served as the high register literary standard for Central Asian Turkic peoples, while the vernacular low register languages were the Uzbek language and Eastern Turki Modern Uyghur. The Soviet Union abolished Chagatai as the literary standard and had the Uzbek language standardized as a literary language for, and the Taranchi dialect of Ili was chosen as the literary standard for Modern Uyghur, while other dialects like the Kashgar and Turpan dialects continue to be spoken.

Standard Yoruba is the literary form of the Yoruba language of West Africathe standard variety learnt at school and that spoken by newsreaders on the radio. Standard Yoruba has its origin in the s, when Samuel A. Crowthernative Yoruba and the first African Anglican Bishop in Nigeria, published a Yoruba grammar and started his translation of the Bible.

Fagunwa — From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For literary uses of English, see Literary technique. For normative English, language in literature definition, see Standard Language in literature definition. For written English, see Standard Written English. See also: Standard language. Main article: Modern Standard Arabic.

Main article: Classical Chinese. Main article: Standard German. Main article: Katharevousa. Main article: Slavonic-Serbian.


What does literary language mean?


language in literature definition


‘After spoken language came the written word, and the boy dove into literature with grim determination.’ ‘This play on the oral and written language mirrors the structure of the blues and the instrumental variations of jazz.’. Define language. language synonyms, language pronunciation, language translation, English dictionary definition of language. n. 1. a. Communication of thoughts and feelings through a system of arbitrary signals, such as voice sounds, gestures, or written symbols. b. Language in Literature. The effect of any text is to a very large extent determined by style. In its broadest definition, style is the way in which language is used (see Leech/Short 10 for a discussion of various definitions of style). Style is thus not a phenomenon that is restricted to literature; it is necessarily part of any utterance.